The Travel in Time -

 Cláudia Penélope Fournier

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21 Solutions for 21 Questions of the xxi century Physics -

Caixa de texto: VISUAL ARCHIVE        
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Big Bang

Expansion of space-time

Fundamental Field

Era of Energy

Dark energy (repulsive)

Primordial Radiation (Apeiron)



Absence of electrons and photons

Absence of matter and antimatter.

Materialization of energy.

Energy in motion.

Rotating vortices.


Material Force: First Particles.

Particle rotation: primitive rotators.

Definition of the spin of the particles. 


Lines of Force.

Potential Field.

Absence of the 4 Classic Forces

Desintegration of the rotators

(neutral and unstable).

Residual Weak Force.

Transfer of the spin momentum (1/2)


Transfer of the electric charge (fractional:  -1/3; 2/3)

 Creation of fundamental particles: Quarks

(u; d)


Composition of matter.

Random clusters of quarks.

Absence of classical radiation: visible light; x-rays, infrared, etc.

Caixa de texto: +-15 billions of years


Neutral quarks : -1/3 –1/3 +2/3 = 0

=> Creation of the neutron

(binding of three quarks)

More neutral quarks (heavy), eg.:

-1/3 –1/3 -1/3 –1/3 +2/3 +2/3 = 0

=> Creation of dark (black) matter

Cosmic Inflation

(critical density: negative).

Rapid expansion of space.

Homogeneous distribution of matter.

Homogeneity Period.

Absence of star clusters.

Absence of Gravitational Force.

Matter distributed uniformly

Evolution of matter: of the neutron.

Mutation of the neutron  to proton

Weak Force and Beta decay.

Neutron = proton + electron + neutrino

Dark matter = failed matter (did not evolve; does not emit radiation)

Creation of the atom.

Creation of Electromagnetic Force


Era of radiation: “There was light”.

Origin of photons. Visible Universe.

Cosmic microwave background.

End of the Homogeneity Period.

Beginning of aglgomeration of matter.

Action and movement F=m.a

Gravitational interaction*.

Formation of the first massive stars: Quasares

Presence of Helium.

Union proton-proton. Strong Force.

(quantum chromodynamics)


The 1st chemical element was created (Periodic Table).

Formation of Hydrogen isotope



Remark: 99,9% of matter is an isotope: Protio (no neutron).

Presence of electric charges:

positive e negative



More complex chemical elements of the  Periodic Table


Formation of Galaxies


Formation of Solar  Systems

(planets, asteroids, comets)


Creation of life