Epilogue

 

UNIFICATION FORMALISM

 

"As we understand things better, everything becomes more simple. "

- Edward Teller -

 

     Although we assume and constantly recognize that what we have in our hands is an incomplete and unsatisfactory Law of Gravity, it will now be very difficult to insist going at the same direction knowing that we have the knowledge of a new theoretical model that fits with the experience; which is consistent with facts; that presents us solutions to resolve imperfections at the old Theory of Gravity. We can no longer still continue to work with classical gravitational theory and insist on finding solutions that it cannot give us, since the basic fundaments on which this theory is based are incorrect.

     It may be that this New Theory of Gravity passes by overlooked and not given the correct attention of the circle of professors and studious interested in this thematic. Suggesting this revolutionary change, which is in agreement with facts, should be enough to convince the traditional science. However, this way of thinking has already been studied and patiently explained by the physicist Ed May:

     Normally we assume that Science is a rational process, but it is not quite so. Usually what happens when a new theory is presented is that we will, inevitably and naively, make the mistake of the 'rational man'. When we are confronted with evidence and proofs which contradict our most fundamental beliefs, instead of this new evidence lead us to a new belief and to a new understanding of a subject, in general, what happens is exactly the opposite.

     Challenging an ancient belief leads to reaffirm more strongly our previous beliefs! This reluctance to change comes from a phenomenon also quite simple, which is: Far too often History repeats itself. Unfortunately, prejudice, self-indulgence, skepticism or more simply ignorance, are the most common responses when our most fundamental beliefs are threatened, and these confrontations can be perpetuated for centuries! Maybe one day this New Theory of Gravity will be seen in a most common and natural way, having nothing of extraordinary or highly magical. As it is the fact today that we consider the Sun at the center of the solar system and not the Earth! So, perhaps the 'revolutionary' adjective may not be the most appropriate.

 

     To justify the results obtained previously we will develop the physical process between Coupling and Angular Momentum.

     Considering only the information given by the electronic distribution of an atom, we know that this is not sufficient to fully describe the energy state of the atom, since it experimentally appears that several orbitals with the same electronic configuration can have different energy levels.

     The variation of this energy is related to the orbital angular momentum L and also with the spin angular momentum S, which is combined to determine the total angular momentum resulting for the atom J.

     In order to calculate the total angular momentum of an atom it’s only necessary to consider the angular momentum of the valence electrons, because, the total angular momentum of each complete layer is equal to zero. These angular momentum have variable directions and different orientations over time, and they are combined according to specific rules of Quantum Mechanics, so that, the final angular momentum J can be determined.

     A  vector model  image will serve us to  define the  composition and space-  -time evolution of all these angular momentum:

 

Relation between angular momentum L, S and J

and magnetic moments μL μS μJ     -

 

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The search for a complete Formalism of Unification still continues ...

 

 

 

 

"All that I only know is that I know nothing. "

- Socrates -

 

 

 

 

"I think, therefore I exist. "

- Descartes -

 

 

 

 

But do I think right?!

- C. P. Fournier -

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EVERYTHING IN THIS BOOK MAY BE WRONG

 

     According to the theory of Eduardo Punset, this neuroscientist describes the process of creativity in a particular and interesting way: In general, people follow other people just because there are many people going in that direction. However, a creative person decides to be independent. For example, if a creative person sees that everyone is moving the same direction, then he decides to move exactly the opposite way, not accepting the majority as the correct direction.

     The creator thinks: 'I have my own idea and maybe my idea is better'. A creative person thinks in a different way from the typical or common people, although this attitude sometimes entails its consequences.

     You must know that when we have a creative idea, a new idea, others will not accept it easily. In a way, it is necessary and even essential to apply some effort to try to demonstrate that our idea is valid and that it may bring some advantage. In practice, the creator is simply trying to convince others that his idea may be, perhaps, a better idea. So, the author of a new idea develops all the necessary skills so that his new idea is not immediately rejected and neglected. Considering that, at least, a new idea deserves to be part of the discussion. Although there only is one substantial difference, which is that the creator deeply believes in what he has created ...